By Christopher Kendris, Ph.D.,Theodore N. Kendris, Ph.D.
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Additional info for 501 French Verbs
D) Y a-t-il un élève qui comprenne le subjonctif? / Is there a student who understands the subjunctive? BUT IF THE PERSON OR THING YOU ARE LOOKING FOR DOES EXIST, USE THE INDICATIVE MOOD: (a) J’ai trouvé une personne qui est honnête. (b) J’ai un appartement qui n’est pas trop cher. (c) Je connais une personne qui peut réparer votre téléviseur. After a superlative expressing an opinion Those superlatives expressing an opinion are commonly: le seul, la seule (the only), le premier, la première (the first), le dernier, la dernière (the last), le plus petit, la plus petite (the smallest), le plus grand, la plus grande, etc.
14) Verbs that contain é in the syllable before the infinitive ending -er: céder / to cede, to yield, to give up célébrer / to celebrate concéder / to concede, to give up considérer / to consider espérer / to hope posséder / to possess, to own préférer / to prefer protéger / to protect répéter / to repeat suggérer / to suggest (15) These verbs, given above in (14), change é to è when, in a verb form, the syllable after it contains mute e. Examples of when this spelling change occurs: Present indicative: je préfère, tu préfères, il (elle, on) préfère: ils (elles) préfèrent.
Sometimes si can mean whether, and in that case this summary of what tenses are used does not apply. When si means whether, there are no restrictions about the tenses. By the way, the sequence of tenses with a si clause in French is the same as it is in English with an if clause. Example: (a) Si elle arrive, je pars. If she arrives, I’m leaving. Si elle arrive, je partirai. If she arrives, I will leave. Si elle arrive, partez! If she arrives, leave! (b) Si elle arrivait, je partirais. If she arrived, I would leave.