By Jeffrey Heath
This can be a complete description of Tamashek Tuareg spoken in Mali. The kinds coated during this quantity are these of Tamashek within the slender feel, except for Tawellemett yet together with the opposite Malian forms (Goundam, Timbuktu, Gao, Ansongo, Kidal, and the Gourma sector south of the Niger River together with Gosi and the outskirts of Hombori).
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Extra info for A Grammar of Tamashek Tuareg
Prefixally derived causative verb (PerfP) -£ess-onasn- 'tame, break in (animal)'. The vocalic prefix precedes the derivational prefix. Pluralization of nouns is by affixation, by ablaut, or by a combination of the two, depending on the noun (some nouns have alternative plurals, typically one affixal and one ablaut). In the purely affixal plural, the vocalic prefix (if present) becomes -i-. Masculines add suffix -asn or -taen (the latter is common 14 2 Overview after a vowel or after a stressed C-final syllable), and feminines add suffix -en or -ten, replacing FeSg -t.
However, the short imperfective is related to the positive imperative (which has no morphological connection to the prohibitive). The positive imperative is clause-initial (hence is preceded by no "X" element), and it lacks the usual subject pronominals. ] depencies in (8) require direct adjacency (except that they allow floating clitics to be hosted by X), the dependency of the Short Imperfective on the Future particle or on the complementizer in (9) can extend to a second short imperfective clause appended to the first one, with no repetition of the X element.
BassA-asn/ with the IAI transferring its [-high] feature to the surviving contracted V.