By Åshild Næss, Even Hovdhaugen
Vaeakau-Taumako, sometimes called Pileni, is a Polynesian Outlier language spoken within the Reef and Duff Islands within the Solomon Islands' Temotu Province. this is often a space of serious linguistic range and long-standing language touch which has had far-reaching results at the linguistic scenario.
Historically, audio system of Vaeakau-Taumako have been shipbuilders and navigators who made alternate voyages during the sector, bringing them into consistent touch with audio system of the Reefs-Santa Cruz, Utupua and Vanikoro languages. The latter languages are just distantly regarding Vaeakau-Taumako, making up an just recently pointed out first-order subgroup of Oceanic. Polynesian audio system first arrived within the sector a few 700-1000 years in the past from the center Polynesian components to the east. whereas at the present time such a lot intra-group verbal exchange happens in Solomon Islands Pijin, often the location used to be one in all vast multilingualism, and this has left profound lines within the grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako, which indicates a couple of structural homes now not identified from different Polynesian languages.
A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako is the main complete grammar of any Polynesian Outlier up to now, and the 1st full-length grammar of any language of Temotu Province. according to large fieldwork, it really is dependent as a reference grammar facing all elements of language constitution, from phonology to discourse association, and together with a range of glossed texts. will probably be of curiosity to typologists, Oceanic linguists, and researchers drawn to language touch.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako
Reduplication is highly frequent, with a variety of functions, including forming plurals of some nouns and indicating plural of S or 0 with verbs. The socalled -Cia-suffixes, which have been described in various ways for different Polynesian languages, function in Vaeakau-Taumako as transitive suffixes added to a stem which may or may not have an independent use as an intransitive verb. With few exceptions, all formally transitive verbs must take a suffix. 3). Tense, aspect and mood are indicated by preverbal particles.
TR' When a word has a long final vowel, the penultimate syllable may, in a very few cases, also have a long vowel. These are the only cases of contrastive vowel length in non-word-final position. (5) papa 'plank' papa 'district, ward' papa 'carry a child tied on one's back' papa 'vulva' In all other positions, vowel length is either morphophonemically conditioned, has an emphatic or other discourse function, or else long and short vowels are in apparently free variation. Monosyllabic items with a short vowel are normally not lengthened, not even for emphasis.
G. nubo ['nu~o] 'die' vs. i-nubo ['in~o] 'he/she died' (i- perfective prefix). 2. Vowel sequences Phonological sequences of two vowels are prone to change, and particularly to reduction, in Vaeakau-Taurnako. Reduction of vowel sequences occurs both within words and across word boundaries. ', heolonaki 'delivery of twin babies'. - /eu/: keu 'fire', meu 'fall down (PL)', peu 'be stupid, act in a stupid way'. - /oe/: moe 'to sleep', hoe 'paddle' - /oil: oi 'and', poi 'pig', toilo 'right ( = opposite ofleft)'.