By Metin Basoglu
Mass trauma occasions, corresponding to normal failures, struggle and torture, impact hundreds of thousands of individuals each year. at present, there is not any psychological health and wellbeing care version with the aptitude to deal with the mental wishes of survivors in a cheap manner. This e-book offers any such version, besides assistance on its implementation, making it valuable for either policy-makers and psychological overall healthiness execs. development on greater than 20 years of intensive learn with mass trauma survivors, the authors current a version of disturbing rigidity to assist realizing of mass trauma and the way its mental effect should be conquer with control-focused behavioral remedy. this article bargains a severe evaluate of varied arguable concerns within the box of mental trauma in mild of modern examine findings. together with dependent manuals on earthquake trauma, protecting remedy supply and self-help, the booklet may be of use to survivors themselves in addition to care services.
Read or Download A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment of Earthquake, War and Torture Trauma PDF
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Additional info for A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment of Earthquake, War and Torture Trauma
Another theory accounting for the preference for predictability is that it reduces uncertainty (Imada and Nageishi, 1982), which may in and of itself be rewarding. Evidence in support of the safety signal theory in humans has largely been drawn from clinical cases with anxiety disorders. As noted earlier, characteristic examples of reliance on safety signals have been observed in agoraphobic patients. What is interesting with our observations is the fact that the safety signal theory appears to be able to account for a social phenomenon or the collective behavior of large masses of people.
Some people who could not ﬁnd comforting information about their safety simply created them. For example, some tried to estimate how their house would collapse during an earthquake and, if they decided, for example, it was likely to go to the left, then they would sleep in a room that was on the right side of the building. Some people who lived in the upper ﬂoors of a building tended to believe that they were safer because they had easy access to the roof where they felt they would stand a better chance of surviving in case the building collapsed.
Snarr (2005) has noted that animal responses to earthquakes have been observed as far back as 3000 years ago, including responses before, during, and after the earthquake. , 1986), and stress, nervousness, and fear in orangutans (Antilla, 2001). In a study Snarr (2005) documented the response of a group of wild mantled howlers (Alouatta palliata) on the north coast of Honduras to an earthquake that occurred 341 kilometers away in El Salvador. The response of the howlers to the coseismic activity was very similar to a ground threat, such as the appearance of a dog or an unknown human.