Science Studies

Achoo!. The Most Interesting Book You'll Ever Read about by Trudee Romanek

By Trudee Romanek

Within the 5th Mysterious You ebook, Achoo!, youngsters probe the secrets and techniques of affliction and sniff out what germs are, why they usually make us in poor health, how bodies conflict them and the way vaccines defend us opposed to them.

This specified sequence explores the mysteries of the human physique utilizing a mixture of completely researched real details, striking anecdotes and awesome try-it actions.

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In one experiment, researchers gave one group of cold-sufferers plenty of cold water. They gave a second group the same amount of hot water, and gave a third group hot chicken soup. The people who drank the chicken soup got much more relief of their cold symptoms, especially congestion, than any of the others. ” • In the united states, more chicken soup is sold in January, at the height of the cold and flu season, than at any other time of the year. 37 GERM OF AN IDEA 38 Keeping the Germs Away How would you like to risk your life to end one of the world’s most deadly diseases?

Finally, in about 1941, doctors had a medicine to treat bacterial pneumonia, diphtheria, scarlet fever and other bacterial illnesses that had killed so many people. Penicillin also saved the lives of thousands of soldiers wounded on the battlefield during World War II. Making Bacteria Sick When bacteria come across Penicillium mold and try to gobble it up, the mold does what any creature would do: protect itself. It produces a kind of poison. It’s this poison that people call penicillin and use as an antibiotic.

While he was gone, a spore from a mold called Penicillium drifted through his window and into the experiment. Two weeks later, Fleming could see that his bacteria had spread all over the agar — except where the mold had formed. He’d discovered a mold that could kill bacteria. Through more experiments, he found the lethal substance that the mold produced. He called the world’s first bacteria-killer, or antibiotic, penicillin. It was many years before two other scientists, Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, did more experiments and showed the world how important penicillin could be.

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