By SL Chan and JG Teng (Eds.)
Read or Download Advances in Steel Structures (ICASS '99). Proceedings of The Second International Conference on Advances in Steel Structures 15–17 December 1999, Hong Kong, China PDF
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Additional resources for Advances in Steel Structures (ICASS '99). Proceedings of The Second International Conference on Advances in Steel Structures 15–17 December 1999, Hong Kong, China
For clarity, it is helpful first to study the gradient alone, before recombining the effects of the gradient and a uniform rise into a realistic distribution. The temperature differential leads to thermally induced bending or to thermal bowing (Eqns 2-4 apply again). The differential induces either bending moments or additional deflections or both in the slab. Where the bending moment causes cracking, the stiffness again declines and encourages post-buckling large displacement effects. 8 ~ - ~ cold: c o n t r a ~ ..
8. The model has been calibrated against experimental data from an extended test program forming part of the research project (Wheeler, Clarke and Hancock, 1995). Of the three types of end plate behaviour considered in the stub-tee model (thick, thin and intermediate), the paper recommends that the end plate connections be designed to behave in an intermediate fashion, with the connection strength being govemed by tensile bolt failure. Thin plate behaviour results in connections that are of very ductile and exhibit extremely high rotations, while connections exhibiting thick plate behaviour are very brittle and may be uneconomical.
Wilkinson T and Hancock GJ (1998b). "Tests of Stiffened and Unstiffened Knee Connections in Cold-Formed RHS", Tubular Structures VIII, Proceedings, 8th International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Singapore, 177-186. "Tests of Bolted and Intemal Sleeve Knee Connections in Cold-Formed RHS", Tubular Structures VIII, Proceedings, 8th International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Singapore, 187-195. Wilkinson T and Hancock GJ (1998d). "Tests of Portal Frames in Cold-Formed RHS", Tubular Structures VIII, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Singapore, 521-529.