By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Committee on Advancing the Productivity and Competitiveness of the U.S. Industry Workshop
Construction productivity--how good, how quick, and at what fee structures and infrastructure could be constructed--directly impacts costs for houses and purchaser items and the robustness of the nationwide financial system. analysts vary on even if building productiveness is bettering or declining. nonetheless, advances in to be had and rising applied sciences provide major possibilities to enhance development potency considerably within the twenty first century and to assist meet different nationwide demanding situations, corresponding to environmental sustainability.
Advancing the Competitiveness and potency of the U.S. building Industry identifies 5 interrelated actions which could considerably enhance the standard, timeliness, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of development projects.
those actions comprise frequent deployment and use of interoperable know-how purposes; more desirable job-site potency via more desirable interfacing of individuals, methods, fabrics, gear, and data; larger use of prefabrication, preassembly, modularization, and off-site fabrication thoughts and strategies; leading edge, frequent use of demonstration installations; and powerful functionality size to force potency and help innovation. The e-book recommends that the nationwide Institute of criteria and know-how paintings with leaders to strengthen a collaborative technique to totally enforce and installation the 5 activities
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EPPs comprehend and can apply knowledge of engineering principles in the solution of broadly defined problems. EPPs are generally engineering technologists, but engineers, engineer interns, and professional engineers can also provide engineering paraprofessional services. 2 Example of a prefabricated exterior paneling system. SOURCE: Thomas (2008). , components traditionally constructed on-site at heights or in confined spaces can be fabricated off-site and then hoisted into place using cranes) (CURT, 2007).
Such installations can take a variety of forms: field testing on a job site; construction-related seminars, training, conferences; and scientific laboratories with sophisticated equipment and standardized testing and reporting protocols. In a broad sense, a demonstration installation is a research and development (R&D) tool that represents one way for the construction industry to address particular problems. For example, an owner or 6 A forthcoming report titled Enhancing Innovation of the EPC Industry: A White Paper focuses on the mindset, resources, processes, and operating environments of engineering-procurement-construction (EPC) organizations and their effect on attitudes toward innovation.
Interoperability is more than the automation of current work processes—that is, more than just doing the same things that are done at present only faster. Interoperable technologies and applications change work processes and the relationships among project owners, clients, contractors, and subcontractors. Effective use of these technologies and applications requires collaborative planning up front among owners, designers, and contractors. Collaboration in the early stages of planning, in turn, can improve the integration of what are now fragmented processes, help fix problems in the “virtual” phase before significant resources have been invested in physical structures, and lead to less rework in the field and less waste of materials, labor, and time.