Urban Regional

Agglomeration, Clusters and Entrepreneurship: Studies in by Charlie Karlsson, Borje Johansson, Roger R. Stough

By Charlie Karlsson, Borje Johansson, Roger R. Stough

Neighborhood financial improvement has skilled enormous dynamism over contemporary years. might be the main remarkable situations have been the increase of China and India to emergent nation prestige through the flip of the millennium. With time now for hindsight, this publication identifies a number of the key forces at the back of those improvement successes, specifically agglomeration, clusters and entrepreneurship.

The specialist members discover those 3 forces, which shape the foundation of a lot scholarly paintings in new monetary geography and endogenous development conception and coverage. the following, lecturers from throughout Europe, North the US, Asia and Australia reflect on the function of agglomeration, clusters and entrepreneurship in nearby financial improvement inside a world industry context.

The ebook offers reliable conceptual and methodological contributions to the starting to be physique of information that extends those theoretical strategies, and prescribes coverage and functional functions. appropriate case stories underpin the designated empirical analyses.

Academics, scholars, researchers and policymakers within the fields of entrepreneurship, neighborhood improvement and neighborhood technological know-how will locate this ebook to be an enlightening read.

Contributors: L. Achtenhagen, J. Bastesen, I. Bernhard, N. Carbonara, T.L. Clower, G.A.S. cook dinner, I. Giannoccaro, L. Iandoli, H. Jeong, B. Johannson, C. Karlsson, ok. Kobayashi, S. Koster, A. Manduchi, E. Marchione, M. Markantoni, L. Naldi, ok. Nyström, M. Onishi, N.R. Pandit, R. Picard, C. Ponsiglione, T.-K. Shyy, C. music, R.J. Stimson, R.R. Stough, D. Strijker, E. Vatne, B.L. Weinstein, E. Wihlborg, G. Zollo

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Extra info for Agglomeration, Clusters and Entrepreneurship: Studies in Regional Economic Development

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2. Overall, 121 (47 percent) of the 245 MSAs included in the analysis had above-­average residual scores. Also, 19 (8 percent) had scores well above the average, 124 (52 percent) had residual scores below the average and 22 (9 percent) had scores well below the average. 3. For the small MSAs, 41 (43 percent) had residual scores above the average, 14 (15 percent) had scores well above the average, 54 (57 percent) had residual scores below the average and 15 (16 percent) had scores far below the average.

Value Std. err. 000 Source: Stough et al. (2007). 2 Discussion The four sets of variables measuring resource endowments (POP_CH, BACH_00, DOCT_00), market fit (LQGOV_98, INPERS_99, INPERS_ CH), institutions (LGOVEM_CH) and entrepreneurship (EM1_4_CH, EM5_9_CH) had differing levels of effect on regional endogenous growth for the MSAs over the study period. Some of those effects on the variation in endogenous regional employment growth performance across US MSAs over the period 1999–2002 were particularly enlightening and ­noteworthy and are thus summarized in what follows.

The inclusion of the variables on regional occupational structure was based on a hypothesis that the occupational structure may have an impact on regional economic growth. Specifically, we categorize the occupations into three groups after Reich (1991): routine production workers, in-­ person service workers and symbolic analysts based on the new Office of 28 LQMAN_99 LQSER_99 LQGOV_99 LQMAN_CH LQSER_CH LQGOV_CH ROUTW_99 INPERS_99 SYMBA_99 ROUTW_CH INPERS_CH SYMBA_CH L_POP_99 POP_CH L_INC_02 UNEMP_02 UNEMP_CH BACH_0)0 EDUMP_00 DOCT_00 REG_SHIFT Variable Outcome or dependent variable Regional shift (1999–2002)/employment (1998) Independent or explanatory variables I: resource endowments Log.

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