By Perry M. Chapman
For the varsity campus, "place" potential even more than simply geography and actual atmosphere. it's the sum of the reports, actions, occasions, and stories that ensue in the campus and as its consequence. This ebook takes word of the truth that American greater schooling associations are giving renewed awareness to the query of ways the standard and personality of position can aid the endeavors of the associations. "American areas" demands campuses to be conceived not just to intensify the standard of the educational adventure, but additionally to be operating demonstrations of ways areas far and wide can turn into fitter, humane, civic environments. even though campuses and groups are being reshaped via societal forces, the campus will suffer as an important civic studying setting good into the twenty first century.
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Additional info for American Places: In Search of the Twenty-first Century Campus
Colleges, however, had not kept up with America’s social, geographic, and economic changes. ”28 That proposal was never enacted. In 1862, however, in the same congressional session that passed the Homestead Act and the Pacific Railroad Act, the Morrill Land Grant Act was signed into law by Abraham Lincoln. First introduced by Vermont Congressman Justin Morrill in 1857, the legislation granted to each state an amount of public land, the income interest from which the states were to apply “to the endowment, support and maintenance of at least one college where the leading object shall be .
Colleges were already key pieces of the civic realm in the main towns of the colonial era where revolutionary ferment first stirred, as I describe in Part One. They were defined as civic resources in the Civil War era with the advent of the Morrill Land Grant Act, and went on to help in spurring the economies and social structures of the states as the country settled from coast to coast. Colleges were integrated into the civic fabric of America’s growing industrial cities. S. campuses burgeoned after World War II, when institutions answered the call to educate a larger, more diverse workforce, to have a hand in urban development, and to be the cultural resources for their host communities.
Paul V. ”48 The City Beautiful era, lasting until the Great Depression, was a golden age in American urban design. Formal as its expressions and organizational patterns were, the City Beautiful movement drew from an eclectic range of historical styles and analogies. 49 The movement was perfectly suited as a design motive for the new generation of urban campuses that were constructed during the period. The new campuses for Columbia in New York, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, the University of California at Berkeley, and the University of Washington in Seattle were laid out in classic Beaux-Arts patterns.