Criticism Interpretation

Antithetic Structure in Biblical Hebrew Poetry by Joze Krasovec

By Joze Krasovec

This learn of antithesis in biblical poetry arose out of the author’s earlier paintings on merism in his 1977 doctoral dissertation. the current paintings seeks to target the phenomenon of antithesis consistent with se, and to envision its function in consultant examples of assorted biblical genres: “epic,” “psalmic,” “prophetic,” and “didactic” literature. It concludes with an inventory of circumstances of antithesis within the Hebrew Bible and an try at vast categorization, in addition to a few hypothesis in regards to the foundation of the fundamental types of antithesis.
No doubt via its try and concentration awareness at the particular phenomenon of antithesis and its meeting of definitions and examples, this research could be of curiosity to a few scholars of biblical kind. regrettably, notwithstanding, it truly is open to feedback on numerous issues. firstly, its very topic: why “antithesis”? The worthiness of this type for imminent Hebrew type isn't really puzzled through this research, yet in basic terms assumed, maybe simply because antithesis has been the sort of favourite function in descriptions of classical Greek and Latin rhetoric—indeed, a few of these descriptions (Aristotle, Quintilian, et al.) are marshaled within the author’s fight to outline antithesis for the Bible. yet that the phenomenon he identifies as antithesis could larger be approached within the context of broader features of biblical sort, maybe even below another rubric, isn't one in every of this study’s theoretical matters: to the contrary, the writer is at pains to differentiate antithesis from all demeanour of items that resemble it yet are extra competently known as through different names (“merism,” for example). but now not all such makes an attempt at isolation and concentration are unavoidably important, and as a consequence the reader can't support feeling that, at the one hand, antithesis by no means does get remoted and outlined in any convincing style, and, at the different, attention of antithesis besides its excluded look-alikes could have been way more enlightening.

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Also H. P. Müller, "Der Aufbau des Deborahliedes", 446: "lm Zentrum des Geschehensablaufs steht sowohl hier ais auch in cap. IV (nota v. ) die Tat der Jael. Um die Heldin hervorzuheben, wird ihr in Jud v 24-27 ein Segensspruch gewidmet". EPIe LlTERATURE 31 The curse draws attention to the otherwise unknown city of Meroz. We may assume, however, that the cursed city was known to the poet's contemporaries, so that in this Song it could assume a pardigmatic significance similar to that of Jael. For only in looking back on the account about the unwilling tribes does it seem possible to understand the real meaning of the severity of the curse over Meroz 20 • These structural considerations not only lead to the conclusion that a mere geographic-historical interpretation is inadequate, but also - for the same reason - they caU in question any onesided cultic-sacral interpretation.

8 When they chose new gods, then they fought at the gates. N either shield was to be seen nor spear among fort y thousand in Israel. 9 My heart is with Israel's princes, with the volunteers among the peoPle bless the Lord! 10 Vou riders on tawny asses, you who sit on the judgement seat and you who go on the road - tell of it! 11 To the sound of musicians at the watering places, there they repeat the triumphs of the Lord, the triumphs of his warriors in Israel. Then down to the gates marched the peoPle of the Lord.

The two invitations elevate YHWH not only by means of the request itself to praise him, but also by the category of persons addressed. First of all, "kings" (C'JM, C'::J;O) are the ones to praise YHWH; kings who more than others are tempted to ascribe success to their own doings 30 • Important is, therefore, the phrase in v 11 i'1'i'1' n'i"~ that presents the real object of praise: the deeds of YHWH, which the poet wants to show through the description of the battle near Megiddo, are to be praised.

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