Neuropsychology

Applied Neuropsychology of Attention: Theory, Diagnosis and by Michel Leclerq

By Michel Leclerq

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Each calculation will have to consider the way the two tasks call upon, let’s say, 200 different resources, an awesome and perhaps overwhelming task. Recent work in my laboratory suggests that the number 200 may be much too small. (p. 3 Alternative explanations Different alternatives which finally turn out to complement these two models of resources have been proposed to explain the performance decline linked to the simultaneous execution of the tasks. From Navon’s point of view (1985), two tasks can have reciprocal impacts on their respective performance levels for quite other reasons than the resources that underlie them.

Recent work in my laboratory suggests that the number 200 may be much too small. (p. 3 Alternative explanations Different alternatives which finally turn out to complement these two models of resources have been proposed to explain the performance decline linked to the simultaneous execution of the tasks. From Navon’s point of view (1985), two tasks can have reciprocal impacts on their respective performance levels for quite other reasons than the resources that underlie them. According to this author, tasks are difficult to perform jointly not because they have to share some common resources but because they interfere with each other.

It is not their competitiveness in terms of processing resources consumption which affects the performance level but their reciprocal interferences at the processing mechanisms level. In the same perspective, Hampson (1989) points out that: ‘Anything which minimizes interference between processes, or keeps them “further apart” will allow them to be dealt with more readily either selectively or together’ (p. 267). This conception finds some support in works demonstrating that interferences between tasks increase all the more as the cerebral structures concerned in performing these tasks are close (Kinsbourne and Hicks, 1978; Hellige, Cox and Litvac, 1979; Kinsbourne, 1982).

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