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Arabic Sociolinguistics: Topics in Diglossia, Gender, by Reem Bassiouney

By Reem Bassiouney

This advent to significant issues within the box of Arabic sociolinguistics examines key matters in diglossia, code-switching, gendered discourse, language version and alter, and language rules. It introduces and evaluates a variety of theoretical ways and types, and it illustrates the usefulness and obstacles of those techniques to Arabic with empirical info. Reem Bassiouney explores how present sociolinguistic theories might be utilized to Arabic and, conversely, what the examine of Arabic can give a contribution to our knowing of the functionality of language in society.Graduate scholars of Arabic language and linguistics in addition to scholars of sociolinguistics with out wisdom of Arabic will locate this quantity to be an imperative source.

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Additional resources for Arabic Sociolinguistics: Topics in Diglossia, Gender, Identity, and Politics

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However, she posits that the journalistic style of MSA has more flexible word order, coinage of neologisms and loan translations from western languages. For example, journalistic-style MSA uses the i¢a:fa construction (genitive 'of construction') to create neologisms for compound words or complex concepts. Bateson (1967: 84) posits that there are three kinds of changes between MSA and CA. MSA is characterised by having a simpler syntactic structure, by being different in lexicon because of modem technology, and by being stylistically different due to translations from other languages and the influence ofbilingualism.

Again in this example the Arabic word for 'temperature', daraja, is feminine. Thus, the Arabic word for 'low', munxaji¢a, agrees with it in gender and is also feminine. The following example flouts the government constraint theory as explained by DiSciullo et al. (1986), since there can be a switch even within governed constituents. Note that in Iraqi Arabic possessive constructions are expressed with ma:l. ' negative negative We have the feminine form of the possessive particle ma:l + the prononn suffix of the first person singular.

However, it turns out that it is difficult to apply the same theory to two languages that do not share the same categories, for example, the pidgin Tok Pisin and English (Romaine 1995: 129). ). Moreover, Berk-Seligson (1986: 328) found that in Hebrew/Spanish code-switching, many ungrammatical sequences, like the omission of the definite or indefinite article, occur because the indefinite article does not exist as a grammatical category in Hebrew. Besides, this theory relies on linear order and adjacency (surface structure of the sentence) and not on hierarchical order as in the theory of government, for example (Romaine 1995: 129).

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