By William A. Yost, Richard R. Fay
This quantity covers the higher-level auditory methods which are a part of animal conception. The chapters describe how people and different animals understand the sounds that they obtain from the numerous sound assets present on the planet. This booklet offers an outline of components of present study concerned with knowing how sound-source decision strategies function. It makes a speciality of psychophysics and conception in addition to being suitable to uncomplicated auditory research.
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Additional resources for Auditory Perception of Sound Sources (Springer Handbook of Auditory Research)
Relevant to this point, Ottaviani and Rocchesso (2004) found pitch judgments for struck cubes and spheres to be highly variable and ordered with size only in constrained conditions. Tucker and Brown (2003) suggest that the combination of frequency and decay may have served as a cue to size in their study. They base their conjecture on informal interviews of listeners and the observation that plates were generally perceived to be smaller when damped. Carello et al. (1998) obtained judgments of the length of rods dropped onto a linoleum floor.
2001) present the most extensive set of data for which an objective forced-choice procedure was used. Their stimuli were exponentially damped bursts of Gaussian noise with base decay times ranging from = 2 to 20 ms. Results from four trained listeners were quite similar, with JNDs ( / ) gradually decreasing from near 35% at a base value of = 2 ms to about 12% at a base value of = 20 ms. These values, it should be noted, are much larger than the JNDs for changes in frequency or frequency ratio described above.
Taken together, the studies on material identification from sound show a wide range of performance levels in different conditions that do not appear to be simply related to any one acoustic cue. A. Lutfi c f , correlations of judgments with these cues should probably be interpreted with caution. , when performance is near perfect). It may be that the apparent discrepancies among these studies will ultimately be understood in terms of the significant stimulus and procedural differences that exist.