By STEPHEN PHEASANT
This variation has been revised to carry clean insights into the rules and perform of anthropometrics, workspace layout, sitting and seating, fingers and handles, ergonomics within the place of work, ergonomics in the house, and overall healthiness and defense at paintings.
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Additional resources for Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of the Work, Second Edition
15 Knee height Definition Vertical distance from the floor to the upper surface of the knee (usually measured to the quadriceps muscle rather than the kneecap). Applications Clearance required beneath the underside of tables, etc. 1). Corrections Shoes as above. 16 Popliteal height Definition Vertical distance from the floor to the popliteal angle at the underside of the knee where the tendon of the biceps femoris muscle inserts into the lower leg. 3). 10 Body dimensions. PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF ANTHROPOMETRICS 37 Correction Shoes as above.
It would seem reasonable to choose the 5th %ile value—since if a person this short in the leg is accommodated, the 95% of the population who are longer legged will also be accommodated. This leads more or less directly to a design specification or tertiary criterion: that the height of the seat shall not be greater than 400 mm. ) Taken in isolation, the primary criterion will usually be what is known, amongst certain ergonomists of my acquaintance, as a ‘stunning glimpse of the obvious’ (SGO). In general, it is necessary to work down through successive levels of the hierarchy before any operationally useful recommendations result.
22 Shoulder-elbow length Definition Distance from the acromion to the underside of the elbow in a standard sitting position. 23 Elbow-fingertip length Definition Distance from the back of the elbow to the tip of the middle finger in a standard sitting position. 4). Corrections For general reach corrections, see dimension 34. 24 Upper limb length Definition Distance from the acromion to the fingertip with the elbow and wrist straight (extended). 25 Shoulder-grip length Definition Distance from the acromion to the centre of an object gripped in the hand, with the elbow and wrist straight.