By Martin Albers
This e-book specializes in assisting readers to fill the space of the little identified heritage among Western Europe and its most vital buying and selling associate: the People’s Republic of China. encouraged by means of the industrial and political signifance of Sino-European family, this ebook indicates how the China regulations of the 3 greatest states of Western Europe – Britain, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany – helped China reintegrate into the overseas group within the Nineteen Seventies. opposed to the historical past of the chilly warfare, the tip of Maoism, and the emergence of globalization, the governments in Bonn, Paris and London needed to locate methods of facing Europe’s declining effect and advertise their very own nationwide pursuits in Asia.
in accordance with newly declassified executive records, readers will locate such assets necessary in knowing the argument that, regardless of pursuing very diversified regulations, the 3 governments supported a swift growth of peaceable trade among the People’s Republic and Europe and considerably contributed to the luck of Beijing's reform policy.
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Additional resources for Britain, France, West Germany and the People's Republic of China, 1969–1982: The European Dimension of China's Great Transition
This made accepting Europe’s new role as a marginal player in world politics difficult. Yet all three countries would eventually have to face the challenge of adapting to the decline of power in Asia and of pursuing national interests with the means of developed but medium-sized countries. 26 With the notable exception of France, the countries of Western Europe recognised the PRC either before 1954 or after 1969. Apart from London it was mainly the small democracies such as Switzerland and the Scandinavian states which opted for Beijing right after the end of the Chinese Civil War.
116 But, unlike in Britain, there were hardly any links between FRG communist circles and the China traders. The apparent reason for this was that the German Communist Party (KPD) was politically marginalised and then outlawed altogether in 1956. 117 From the mid- 1950s onwards the main exchange between China and the FRG was therefore one of an essentially ‘un-ideological’ and commercial nature. During these years the Eastern Committee became the main clearing house not only for commercial relations with China but also for contacts with the political leadership.
The key questions in the German case were therefore to what extent the pattern of the Cold War in Europe could be altered and how that would influence the sovereignty of the FRG. What is also interesting in the case of the FRG is the role played by economic diplomacy. During the late 1950s and 1960s the Eastern Committee as a business organisation acted as a go-between and provided indirect contact between the two governments. 129 This helped prepare the ground for the pragmatic FRG China policy of the 1970s.