By Gordon L. Rottman
В ночь на 17-18 августа 1942 года, 211 бойцов 2-го батальона морской пехоты США провели дерзкую десантную вылазку на оккупированный японцами остров Макин
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Additional info for Carlson’s Marine Raiders: Makin Island 1942
Camouflaged, and the troops were told to wait until dawn to reorganize. At 0513 Carlson radioed the Nautilus that all Marines were ashore. However, three boats were still missing, with over 30 men. A burst of fire shattered the air when Pvt Vern Mitchell (Co A) accidently discharged his BAR. Expecting a banzai charge any minute, Carlson radioed “Everything lousy” at 0543. ” Carlson then radioed that the situation had improved. c. 0600, AUGUST 17 Raiders assemble on the beach Onto the offensive One of the three missing boats – Lt Peatross’s boat – had landed with its motor operational.
Startled natives appeared and proved friendly. A native police officer had seen the Americans land and had pedaled through the village on his bicycle warning everyone. Some spoke pidgin English, but there were misunderstandings. com The Raid near On Chong’s Wharf 2,000yds to the southwest. The Japanese had been on high alert in the past weeks, ever since the Guadalcanal landing. Conflicting numbers of Japanese were declared, from between 80 and 200. Carlson accepted the higher figure, believing in being prepared for worst-case situations.
Makin had only been lightly bombed by aircraft of the USS Yorktown (CV-5) on February 1. Makin was assumed to be the Japanese headquarters for the Gilbert Islands or at least the northern Gilberts. Different commands’ intelligence staffs estimated anywhere from 50–300 troops on the island. Carlson erred on the high side, with a figure of 250. In reality there were 73 IJN personnel on the island, under Warrant Officer Hisasaburo Kanemitsu (also transliterated as Heisocho Kusaburo). They were detached from the 6th Base Force and 61st Guard Force plus a 22nd Air Flotilla service element.