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China’s Exports since 1979 by Hong Wang

By Hong Wang

Examines China's export guidelines and function within the post-1978 reform interval. it really is severe of the Stalinist version, and likewise demonstrates the restrictions of the export-led improvement approach. This sequence goals to investigate concerns in China's monetary improvement.

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Events, however, did not unfold smoothly. China's exports began to retrench after 1974, when the whole world fell into a prolonged stagflation in the wake of the economic shocks of Arab-Israeli War and the quadrupling of oil prices in late 1973. Tbe recession reduced sharply the global demand for Chinese products so that China encountered great difficulties in placing its exports. This unfavourable external situation was accompanied by internal disagreement. Tbe export-expanding policy was resisted by the 'leftists' who advocated relative seclusion from other countries.

10 • ". Finished • •• manufactures Food. tobacco and beverages 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 Note: Figure excludes free China in 1942-5. Source: Cheng (1956) pp. 136, 146. , 1981, p. 276). After tbe outbreak of tbe Pacific War, bowever, export to Southeast Asian countries, the former major market for China's finisbed manufactures, was cut off because of sbipping sbortages and bazardous sea transportation. On tbe other band, Japan plundered ruthlessly raw materials from tbe occupied area to meet its war exigency.

Of the agricultural exports about half were foodstuffs, such as soybeans, cereals, live stock products and vegetables. 2 per cent in 1959 (Chen and Galenson, 1969, p. 206). This increase was mainly the result of the new capacity of the textile industry affected during the FFYP. , p. 203). This export commodity structure mirrored the fact that even after a decade of intensive industrialisation, China remained basically an agricultural country. While its export commodity structure was determined by economic factors in the 1950s, the geographical direction of China's exports was strongly infiuenced by ideology.

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