Politics State

Church Militant: Bishop Kung and Catholic Resistance in by Paul P. Mariani

By Paul P. Mariani

By 1952 the chinese language Communist get together had suppressed all equipped resistance to its regime and stood unopposed, or so it's been believed. inner occasion documents―declassified simply lengthy sufficient for historian Paul Mariani to ship copies out of China―disclose that one team deemed an enemy of the country held out after the others had fallen. a celebration record from Shanghai marked “top-secret” unearths a made up our minds, usually brave resistance through the neighborhood Catholic Church. Drawing on centuries of expertise in being affected by the chinese language experts, the Church was once proving a obdurate fit for the party.

Mariani tells the tale of the way Bishop (later Cardinal) Ignatius Kung Pinmei, the Jesuits, and the Catholic early life resisted the regime’s punishing attack at the Shanghai Catholic neighborhood and refused to give up the pope and the Church in Rome. appearing clandestinely, mirroring strategies utilized by the formerly underground CCP, Shanghai’s Catholics endured till 1955, whilst the occasion arrested Kung and 1,200 different top Catholics. The imprisoned believers have been later stunned to benefit that the betrayal had come from inside of their very own ranks.

Though the CCP couldn't get rid of the Catholic Church in China, it succeeded in dividing it. Mariani’s mystery historical past strains the origins of a deep break up within the chinese language Catholic neighborhood, the place family among the “Patriotic” and underground church buildings stay strained even today.

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Extra resources for Church Militant: Bishop Kung and Catholic Resistance in Communist Shanghai

Sample text

22 It remained the law of the land until 1954, when the Constitution was promulgated. The document was a showcase of united front strategy, designed to rally as many people as possible to the new regime, and to present a benign face to the outside world. As such, the document was deliberately open to various interpretations. Yet the CCP itself remained its fi nal arbiter. ”24 As a result, the Common Program “could appear as a 31 C H U R C H M I L I TA N T reasonable, well-ordered whole with acceptable claims.

The popes had denounced Communism, but now that the nation was falling into the hands of a Communist regime, now that the CCP was becoming the state, how far should Catholics go in resisting the one party-state in the name of resisting the atheistic ideology that it held? Further, some parts of scripture were clear about the Christian duty of obedience to lawful state authority. Shanghai Catholics wrestled with these questions. Arriving at the right answer was at times clear and at times ambiguous.

His position began to take shape in early 1950. 54 After his priestly ordination in 1940, he obtained his doctoral degree from the Sorbonne. Upon his return to Shanghai, he was made principal of St. Ignatius High School in Xujiahui, which he soon turned into one of the best high schools in the city. Chang was held in high regard, for in time he was also made a dean at Aurora University, director of the Jesuit-run Bureau of Sinology, and a consultor to the Jesuit mission superior.

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