By Stephen Budiansky
A sweeping, in-depth background of NSA, whose well-known “cult of silence” has left the supplier shrouded in secret for many years
The nationwide safeguard business enterprise was once born out of the mythical codebreaking courses of global battle II that cracked the famed Enigma desktop and different German and jap codes, thereby turning the tide of Allied victory. within the postwar years, because the usa constructed a brand new enemy within the Soviet Union, our intelligence neighborhood discovered itself concentrating on no longer infantrymen at the battlefield, yet suspected spies, international leaders, or even americans. through the moment half the 20th century, NSA performed an important, frequently fraught and debatable position within the significant occasions of the chilly battle, from the Korean conflict to the Cuban Missile concern to Vietnam and past.
In Code Warriors, Stephen Budiansky—a longtime specialist in cryptology—tells the interesting tale of the way NSA got here to be, from its roots in international conflict II in the course of the fall of the Berlin Wall. alongside the way in which, he publications us throughout the attention-grabbing demanding situations confronted by means of cryptanalysts, and the way they broke essentially the most complex codes of the 20 th century. With entry to new records, Budiansky indicates the place the company succeeded and failed through the chilly conflict, yet his account additionally bargains the most important standpoint for assessing NSA this day within the wake of the Edward Snowden revelations. Budiansky exhibits how NSA’s obsession with recording every piece of information and deciphering each sign is much from a brand new improvement; all through its heritage the intensity and breadth of the agency’s succeed in has led to either notable successes and damaging disasters.
Featuring a chain of appendixes that designate the technical information of Soviet codes and the way they have been damaged, this can be a wealthy and riveting historical past of the underbelly of the chilly conflict, and a necessary and well timed learn for all who search to appreciate the origins of the fashionable NSA.
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Extra resources for Code Warriors: NSA’s Codebreakers and the Secret Intelligence War Against the Soviet Union
The larger, B-II, now focused exclusively on Japanese army messages. 16 William F. Friedman, who for a decade after the end of World War I had been the sole cryptologist employed by the Army Signal Corps, and who then in the 1930s had patiently and painstakingly trained a cadre of young mathematicians to resurrect an Army codebreaking bureau, was one who thought there was no choice now but simply to abandon work on all diplomatic codes, much less take on any new problems, and focus exclusively on enemy military traffic.
Knopf, a division of Penguin Random House LLC, New York, and distributed in Canada by Random House of Canada, a division of Penguin Random House Canada Limited, Toronto. com Knopf, Borzoi Books, and the colophon are registered trademarks of Penguin Random House LLC. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Budiansky, Stephen, author. Title: Code warriors : NSA’s codebreakers and the secret intelligence war against the Soviet Union / by Stephen Budiansky. Description: New York : Alfred A.
Cryptography—United States—History | United States—Foreign relations—Soviet Union. | Soviet Union—Foreign relations—United States. gov/2015045330. eBook ISBN 9780385352673 Cover image: Russian M-125 Fialka Cipher Machine (detail). Courtesy of Glenn Henry, Glenn’s Computer Museum. 1 a TO DAVID KAHN, who led the way CONTENTS Cover Also by Stephen Budiansky Title Page Copyright Dedication Abbreviations Author’s Note Prologue: “A Catalogue of Disasters” 1 The Russian Problem Arlington Hall, 1943—Assembly-line cryptology—“Getting everything”—The Soviet one-time-pad systems—Future of the special relationship—Spying in peacetime—“Like a deserted barn” 2 Unbreakable Codes A defector in Ottawa—Reading depths—Russian teleprinters—TICOM and the Karrenberg Party—Caviar and Longfellow—“Low pay and too many military bosses”—Cable intercept and moral murkiness 3 Learning to Lie NKGB messages and Soviet spycraft—A Russian genius for conspiracy—“Plausible deniability”—The perils of prosecution— Soviet rotor machines—Who interprets signals intelligence?