By Laurence Bergreen
From the writer of the Magellan biography, Over the sting of the World, a enthralling new account of the nice explorer
Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage around the Atlantic Ocean looking for a buying and selling path to China, and his unforeseen landfall in the Americas, is a watershed occasion in global background. but Columbus made 3 extra voyages in the span of just a decade, every one designed to display that he may perhaps sail to China inside of a question of weeks and convert these he came upon there to Christianity. those later voyages have been much more adventurous, violent, and ambiguous, yet they printed Columbus's uncanny feel of the ocean, his mingled brilliance and fable, and his outstanding navigational abilities. In most of these exploits he virtually by no means misplaced a sailor. via their end, despite the fact that, Columbus was once damaged in physique and spirit. If the 1st voyage illustrates the rewards of exploration, the latter voyages illustrate the tragic costs—political, ethical, and economic.
In wealthy element Laurence Bergreen re-creates every one of those adventures in addition to the ancient heritage of Columbus's celebrated, arguable profession. Written from the members' bright views, this breathtakingly dramatic account might be embraced via readers of Bergreen's earlier biographies of Marco Polo and Magellan and through fanatics of Nathaniel Philbrick, Simon Winchester, and Tony Horwitz.
Read Online or Download Columbus: The Four Voyages, 1492-1504 PDF
Similar historical books
George Washington is by means of a long way crucial determine within the historical past of the USA. opposed to all army odds, he liberated the 13 colonies from some of the best forces of the British Empire and presided over the method to provide and ratify a structure that (suitably amended) has lasted for greater than 200 years.
It's the learn of ways Thomas Paine's non secular ideals formed his political ideology and inspired his political activism.
Cognitive technology, in Howard Gardner's phrases, has a comparatively brief heritage yet a truly long gone. whereas its brief heritage has been the topic of numerous reports released lately, the present ebook focuses as an alternative on its very gone. It explores the emergence of the conceptual framework that used to be essential to make the increase of modem cognitive technological know-how attainable within the first position.
- Adapting Historical Knowledge Production to the Classroom
- The Historical Roots of Elementary Mathematics (Dover books explaining science)
- To Love a Dark Lord
- Interpretationen: und Fehlinterpretationen der speziellen und der allgemein Relativitätstheorie durch Zeitgenossen Albert Einsteins
- In Pursuit of a Scandalous Lady
Extra resources for Columbus: The Four Voyages, 1492-1504
At close range, Columbus’s accomplishments seem anything but foreordained or clear-cut. An aura of chaos hovers over his entire life and adventures, against which he tries to impose his remarkably serene will. But as his son Ferdinand makes clear, his father is always vulnerable—to the whims of monarchs, to tides and storms, and to the moods of the sailors serving under him. He emerges as a hostage to fortune in the high-stakes game of European expansion; time and again, his exploits could have gone one way or another, were it not for his singular vision.
A few days later, on November 4, Martín Alonso Pinzón, who considered himself the expedition’s virtual co-leader, went ashore and made a highly promising find, “two pieces of cinnamon,” actually Canella winterana, or wild cinnamon blossoms, giving off their smoky-sweet odor. ” There were even cinnamon groves nearby, according to Pinta’s boatswain, but on inspection, Columbus decided that was not the case. ” Grotesque stories such as these sounded similar to tales recounted by Sir John Mandeville, whose fanciful tales were at least as popular in western Europe as Marco Polo’s.
The arrival of the Spaniards in the New World heralded the extinction of the Taíno culture, but for now, the tribe possessed a blend of sophistication and innocence that Columbus tried to capture in his diary: All that I saw were young men, none of them more than 30 years old, very well built, of very handsome bodies and very fine faces; their hair coarse, almost like the hair of a horse’s tail, and short, the hair they wear over their eyebrows, except for a hank behind that they wear long and never cut.