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This article offers an creation to the comparative examine of human and animal behaviour, taking as its start line the evolutionary pressures that have inspired the behaviour of people and animals. This sociobiological viewpoint is printed within the first bankruptcy and types the root for dialogue of variation to the surroundings, studying, verbal exchange and social behaviour.
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Extra info for Comparative Psychology: Human and Animal Behaviour: A Sociobiological Approach
This section will set out some of the practical and ethical considerations in working with animals, will attempt to justify using animals in psychological research and will consider alternatives to animal experimentation. Practical Points to be Borne in Mind I. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Humans are qualitatively different from any animal species. Any comparisons made are therefore bound to be imperfect. Those who do not accept continuity (as discussed earlier on p. 3) will find no basis at all for studying animals to advance understanding of the human condition.
Coile and Miller (1984) reviewed articles published 26 Comparative Psychology by the American Psychological Association in the previous five years and reported that out of 608 articles examined only 7 per cent reported research primarily on animals, with 93 per cent studying humans. Miller has stated that there is far more evidence of abuse of animals as pets or as farm stock than there is in research. Gray (1987), writing in reponse to attacks by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUA V), makes the following points: 1.
This illustrates the reason why ritualised responses are timed to a fraction of a second, in order that no mistake is made as to their meaning. Parallel Evolution Lorenz ( 1950) suggested that it would be difficult to identify the origins of many display postures, if these were not identifiable in less ritualised forms in related species. However, we must be careful not to assume that all close similarities in behaviour between species are due to the same causes; they may in fact be due to parallel evolution.